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The maritime spatial plan has been submitted for public consultation until 30 September 2021. Together with objectives and initiatives laid down in the Danish Marine Strategy, the maritime spatial plan must, among other things, contribute to Denmark being able to harvest green energy from offshore wind power while caring for the maritime environment, as stated in the Danish Maritime Authority’s maritime spatial plan report from March 2021.
To coexist or not to coexist?
At the moment, there is a significant public debate on the consideration of energy production and considerations of nature, the environment and biodiversity. Can green transition and the environment coexist or not?

So far, a new and important bird conservation area in the Smålandhavet (The small-land waterway) and Lolland-Falster has put a halt to the coastal offshore wind farm Omø Syd which has been in the pipeline for the past ten years.

The fossil era is at coming to an end. It is now being discussed whether oil platforms, rather than being removed from the North Sea, should remain in part of the sea as artificial reefs. This is due to the animal life on the sea floor where natural stone reefs etc. have disappeared over the years, especially as a result of trawling. 

The construction of offshore wind turbines or onshore solar cells impact the environment, but can also improve the local biodiversity on site. Offshore wind turbines in the form of artificial reef formation on the sea floor and solar cell farms through various types of nature conservation planting of the areas where the solar cells are installed. 

NGOs within nature and the environment and developers of production facilities for renewable energy focus on aligning green energy considerations with biodiversity considerations. For example, the Danish Energy Association and Wind Denmark have just launched a new laboratory which, through research and testing of new solutions, will ensure coexistence between nature and photovoltaic cells or wind farms.