New Catalogue on Industrial Process Heating

A new Technology data Catalogue on Industrial Process Heating has been finalised

Dear user of the Technology data Catalogues. This is the second newsletter about the Technology data Catalogues on energy production, supply, conversion and more. If you are new to the topic of Technology data you can always learn more and find the latest available versions of the Danish Technology Catalogues here. Since our last newsletter in December 2019 several updates of the catalogues have been published.

An important addition is a new catalogue on Industrial Process Heating (IPH), which contains an introduction including a guideline and chapters containing qualitative descriptions and data for 12 technologies that can generate industrial process heating. The Technology data Catalogue on Industrial Process Heating will be made available later in April 2020. Most of these technologies are using electricity as energy source and can contribute to electrification of the industry sector. The new catalogue has been made by Viegand Maagøe and provide updated and improved data used for energy analysing of the industrial sector e.g. for energy system modelling. The Technology data Catalogue contains on Industrial Process Heating contains the following sections and technologies:

Technology data Catalogue on Industrial Process Heating
Guideline on how to model Industrial Process Heating
Dielectric assisted heating (microwaves)
Direct firing
Electric biolers
Booster heat pumps
Heat driven heat pumps
High temperature heat pumps
Infrared heating
Mechanical vapour recompression (MVR)
Steam and hot water boilers
Thermal gasification
Traditional heat pumps

The guideline covers an introduction to IPH and a format for the data tables that are used in all the chapters.

A guideline for carbon capture technologies has also been developed and the catalogue for carbon capture technologies will be published later this year – the work with writing these chapters have just been initiated by COWI. The carbon capture catalogue will cover post-combustion by amine scrubbers, oxyfuel combustion, and a technology for Direct Air Capture. Technologies for capturing carbon emissions can also prove relevant for the industry sector.

The 12 technologies for IPH are all commercially available technologies. The Danish Energy Agency is already utilizing the new catalogue for modelling industrial energy consumption in upcoming projects, including the annual Danish Climate and Energy Outlook. Furthermore, the catalogue strengthens the Agency’s capacity to model effects of climate and energy policies in the future Climate Action Plan for Denmark. It is also possible that the catalogue can be extended with more relevant technologies on a later date.

Example of analysis with the new Technology Catalogue for IPH

Below is shown a simple analysis of the economic attractiveness of a high-temperature heat pump that can deliver up to 125°C compared to an industrial hot-water boiler that is fueled by natural gas or biogas using technical prices (excluding taxes, subsidies etc.)

The figure shows the delta of the discounted cash flows between a heat pump and a hot-water boiler per year, up to a project lifetime of 20 years, by applying an interest rate of 4%. The units are assumed operating at 5,000 full load hours each per year.

While the heat pump is more economically attractive than the biogas boiler after 4 years of operation, the lower-cost natural gas boiler is first outperformed by the heat pump after 11 years.

The high COP of the heat pump results in significantly lower operating costs, on the order of 1/2, compared to the gas boilers. But the initial investment cost is also more than 20 times higher per MW. Therefore, more running-time and full load hours of the asset results in a better case for the high-temperature heat pump.

Figure showing the net present value (NPV) of a project where a 1 MW high temperature heat pump is installed in 2020 instead of a gas boiler that is driven by natural gas or biogas.

Assumptions: interest rate = 4%, heat pump can deliver up to 125 degrees Celsius, 5000 FLH assumed, heat pump installation cost 0.87 M€/MW, gas boiler installation cost 0.04 M€/MW. Fuel prices taken from Danish assumptions for the socioeconomic analyses, 2019. Biogas price roughly estimated to be equal to natural gas price with a premium of 90 kr./GJ in 2020 linearly reduced to 70 kr./GJ in 2030. The COP of the heat pump is 2.55. 

News and updates completed 12/2019 - 4/2020

Technology or section Technology Data catalogue Content of published material Date
Update of biomass chapter Generation of Electricity & District Heating  Addition of medium and large scale wood chips boilers March 2020
New Chapter on hydrogen storage Energy Storage New technology chapter and data sheet for hydrogen storage. The chapter covers storage in pressurized containers, in Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carriers and in salt caverns December 2019

Future updates

Technology or section Technology Data catalogue Content of published material Date
A new catalogue on industrial process heating Industrial Process Heating New catalogue complete with guideline, 12 technology chapters including technology descriptions and technology data for key technologies on industrial heating April 2020
Updated Guideline for Heating Installations Heating Installations Updated Guideline April 2020
Power to Jet Fuel Renewable fuels New technology chapter and data sheets for a process that produce jet fuel from water and CO2 by reverse water gas shift and Fischer-Tropsch April 2020
Geothermal plants for district heating Generation of Electricity & District Heating Updated technology chapter and data sheets for Geothermal district heating H1 2020
Electric heat pumps for district heating Generation of Electricity & District Heating Updated technology chapter and data sheets for electric Heat pumps H1 2020
Biogas Renewable fuels Update of datasheets H1 2020
New chapters on Carbon Capture Yet to be decided New chapters complete with guideline, technology descriptions and technology data for post combustion (amine based), oxy-fuel combustion and direct air capture H2 2020 
Electrolysis Renewable fuels Updated chapters for alkaline, PEM and SOEC electrolysis H2 2020
Green ammonia Renewable fuels New technology chapter and data sheet for green ammonia Yet to be decided


Best regards,

The Technology Catalogue team



About this newsletter

This newsletter is created in collaboration between the Danish Energy Agency and Energinet Electricity System Operator and will be used to publish news on Technology Data.

We have received several requests on creating a platform from where we can share information about our progress, highlighting recent updates and other relevant news about our Technology Data.

Being the first volume of its kind, we have been looking forward to this release with anticipation and hope our readers will recieve it with an equal measure of excitement.

Going forward, the newsletter will be published on a quarterly basis with information on updates completed year-to-date.


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